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Charles Robert Clay (1851-1902)
First Licensee   Springhead Hotel, Sutton Poyntz, Wareham
Sons: Frederick & Capt Robert Richard Clay MC;   Daughters: Ellen, Madeline, Millicent, Gladys & Catherine  Clay
Their descendents: Major K. A. Holland TDMadeline Alice Holland,  George Russell Wheeler BSc OBE MM,  Betty Northover, Rev Prof Julia Davies

The Chaloners
The Penruddockes
Robt & Charlotte Clay
Robt Richd Clay Surgeon
Challoner Clay
Service Records
(1), (2), (3), (4)
The Telegrams
Regimental Condolences
Misc Condolences
Letters to Parents
Letters to Brother
Letters to Sister
Ian Valentine
I Valentine Letters
(1), (2), (3), (4) & (5)
Flora Penruddocke
Dr. Richd Chaloner Cobbe Clay
Archibald Holland
Maj Kenneth Archibald Holland TD
Madeline Alice Holland
George Russell Wheeler OBE MM
Overview:
The enclosed family photograph5 was taken on the croquet lawn of the Springfield Hotel, Sutton Poyntz, c1900/1901 by H. Wheeler of Weymouth. Charles Robert Clay is identified as the bearded gentleman standing in the rear row. Frederica, his wife, is seated centre. Charles and Frederica Clay were the great grandparents of the Rev. Prof. Julia Davies.

Sources are provided at the end of this document. In all cases when viewing transcripts of the St. Catherine’s House Index and census returns great care is needed as the interpretation of handwriting and the possible phonetic approach of census enumerators can lead to mis-spellings of names and/or occupations. For example, the name Parsons appears in the researches below. In the L.D.S. Transcribed 1881 census return for Islington it has been written as Sarsons. Fortunately an address was available from Charles and Frederica’s marriage certificate and that led to the recognition of the error.

Charles Robert Clay (1851 - 1902)  - First Licensee (1898 - 1902)
It seems that Charles was licensee of the Springhead  Hotel from about April 18981 until the time he died  in the Springhead Hotel , on 22nd May 1902 2.  He was born in Lambeth before the end of June 18513. He was  the third child and eldest son of Surgeon Robert Richard Clay (1817 - 1880) and his wife Harriet (Clark) (1827 - 1896) 4.

A few years after his birth the  family moved to Wilton, Wiltshire  and shortly afterwards  to nearby Fovant where, in  1855, Robert Richard Clay set up his country medical practice. It was to last until c1970  when his grandson Richard Chaloner Cobbe Clay32 retired.

Charles did not follow in his father’s professional footsteps but initially chose the Wiltshire Militia. For some six years  until  the time of his marriage to Frederica Ford in 1876, he was Lieutenant to the Earl of Pembroke’s Captaincy in the 14th  Wiltshire Volunteer Rifles in Wilton6.  Charles and Frederica  were married in Islington Parish Church on the 26th January 1876 from a cousin Parsons home 37.  The Ford and Parsons families had, quite legitimately, intermarried on a number of occasions in the Wilton area of Wiltshire.

From the 1881 Census return we find Charles as a farmer,  of 577 acres employing 19 men, 2 boys and 4 women. It is possible that his farming career came to an end as a result of the downturn in agriculture at about that time.  In 1888 at the birth of his youngest child Catherine Louise, the family lived at Charlton Kings, Nr. Cheltenham,  and Charles was an Auctioneer’s clerk..

His death certificate states that he died from Angina Pectoris  on 22nd May 1902 and records his age as 48 years which has been shown as incorrect. It also identifies him as Licensed Victualler and Veterinary Surgeon. His second daughter Madeline’s  marriage certificate in 1905 records him as Veterinary Surgeon with no mention of his time as Licencee of the Springhead Hotel. Unfortunately for the research, and it often happens,  the marriage certificate failed to note he was deceased. He was buried at St. Andrew's, Preston, close by Sutton Poyntz.

When his wife Frederica died at the age of 82 years in 1930, her death certificate recorded Charles as  a Gentleman Farmer. He probably was, throughout their early married life. Frederica  had spent the last years of her life with her two sons in Portsmouth. On her death, they returned her to her home village of South Newton for burial. The splendid memorial still stands near the entrance to the graveyard and church.

Charles’s illustrious and sometimes notorious lineage  depicts a significant slice of British history and brings him to life for the genealogist, we find that many of his direct-line and extended family were devoted to the armed services, the church and Parliament, and not just on the periphery of things.  There were or would be; Captains, both Naval and Military, Majors, Brigadiers, Generals and Admirals, including William 1st Lord Howard of Effingham in the 16th century, and Admiral Robert Fairfax 26,53 in the 18th C when he helped take Gibraltar in 1704. Lord Howard’s daughter, Douglas Howard, married John 2nd Lord Sheffield. They were, therefore,   the great-grandparents of Ursula Fairfax, wife of James Chaloner 29 and of her first cousin Black Tom Fairfax, an illustrious Civil War General. In military service there were two VCs (Lt. Nathaniel Godolphin Burslem, Taku Forts,  China 18607 and Capt. Alexander Stanhope Cobbe, Erego, Somaliland 1902 7, 8 and a Gold Medal (Lt. Col Nathaniel Burslem c1812 in the East Indies). 

In the church there was George Neville, Bishop of Exeter and Archbishop of York, d 1476, Thomas Bilson died 1616, pupil, master, headmaster and Warden of Winchester College, Bishop of Worcester and Winchester, he gave the sermon at the Coronation of James 1 and with Miles Smith was final, pre-print editor, of the 1611 King James Bible, then, mid 18th C, Charles Cobbe, Archbishop of Dublin 15, 56 who was a younger brother of Lt. Col. Richard Chaloner Cobbe (#1),  and more recently late 19th and early 20th C, Bishop Huyshe Wolcott Yeatman Biggs, Bishop Southwark and Coventry. Also, numerous Curates, Vicars and Rectors.

Amongst other notables; Charles  Clay descended from Edmund Sheffeild (old spelling), 1st Earl Mulgrave and his wife Ursula Tyrwhitt. A later Earl of Mulgrave as Marquess of Normanby and Duke of Buckingham sold a London house of his to George III in 1783; Buckingham Palace. The notorious strands of the lineage, depending of course on one’s point of view, were  James Chaloner,  MP for Aldborough, Yorks, Commissioner 11   under Black Tom Fairfax and later Governor of the Isle of Man. His brother Thomas, was MP for Richmond, Yorks, in the Long Parliament and later MP for Scarborough. They were both judges at the trial of Charles I with  Thomas signing the death warrant12,13.

James died c1659, possibly by his own hand, after some time in Peel Castle, Isle of Man, but his brother Thomas fled to the Netherlands as George Sanders, apparently dying peacefully in his bed.  A splendid Van Dyke portrait of Thomas Chaloner hangs in the Hermitage in St. Petersburg but is, apparently,  incorrectly titled Sir Thomas Chaloner 14, 8. . There are papers at the National Archives, Kew, relating to a parliamentary commission attempting to determine if George Sanders was indeed Thomas Chaloner. 

Returning to Charles, we find that his  grandparents were Robert Clay (c1777 - 1856), a Surveyor and Builder, and Charlotte Godolphin Cobbe (c1783 - 1858), one of the  thirteen or so children20, 31 of Rev Richard Chaloner Cobbe (# 3) and his wife and cousin Sarah Burslem; ten of whom survived into adulthood. The writer has traced all thirteen, with three dying in infancy The figure of ten surviving children is confirmed by the statement made by Rev Richard Chaloner Cobbe (#3) when applying for the admission of his son, Marshall Godolphin Cobbe, to Christ's Hospital, on 10th May 1793 - details elsewhere on this website. The admission was granted partly because of consanguinity with Sir Wolstan Dixie, Bart.,(c1524-1594), Lord Mayor of London and President of and Benefactor to Christ's Hospital - full details elsewhere on this website58 .   Richard’s Grandfather,  Lt Col Richard  Chaloner Cobbe18,34,56  baptised  1783 in  Winchester Cathedral20 was, son of Thomas Cobbe and Veriana Chaloner and, therefore,  grandson of James Chaloner 29, the regicide 8. In turn, the Colonel’s son, Rev. Richard Chaloner Cobbe (# 2) LL.D 45,46, 56 was Chaplain to Lord Archbishop Charles Cobbe56, his uncle, as well as being Vicar of Finglas near Dublin35, amongst other parishes.

Charlotte Godolphin Cobbe’s  sister Frances Cobbe married Hans Francis Hastings in St. Anne’, Soho Square20, in May 180316, 17. She became 11th Countess of Huntingdon. Her husband Hans Francis Hastings17 regained the Earldom of Huntingdon in 1819 with the help of an Irish lawyer, Nugent Bell 16. Sadly, Frances died in 1820 following the delivery of their tenth child19. Frances  and her sister Charlotte (Godolphin) Cobbe were  baptised in the Parish Church of Market Bosworth 20, in view from Bosworth Field, where Richard III was killed and Henry VII took the throne. Interestingly, Both Henry VII and Charles Robert Clay descended from John of Gaunt and Katherine Roet,  via the Beaufort lines21, 22, 23. He was therefore related to all of the Tudor monarchs. Charles’s descent being as follows:

 The grandmothers of the Rev Richard Chaloner Cobbe (# 3) and Sarah Burslem  were sisters; Mary and Elizabeth Godolphin 24,25 respectively. The line then going back via the Dixie’s of Market Bosworth, the Beaumonts of Gracedieu and the first Baron Hastings (who was summarily beheaded by Richard III 26, in 1483, whilst still Duke of Gloucester), and then with considerable certainty, to John of Gaunt, son of Edward III, and his mistress and third wife Katherine Roet21. Their children were legitimised by Papal Bull in September 1396 and Royal Patent February 1397, to give the Beaufort lines. Katherine’s brother in law was Geoffrey Chaucer21.  Of course when mentioning John of Gaunt one cannot help but recall snippets of Shakespeare 55.... “the sceptered isle, this seat of Mars, this other Eden”. Interestingly,   Francis Beaumont (1584-161) 26, grandson of John Beaumont 26 and Elizabeth Hastings 26, was the Beaumont of Beaumont and Fletcher 26, contemporary with and competitors of Shakespeare. Francis Beaumont (1584 - 1616) and his brother Sir John Beaumont (1583 - 1627) are both buried in Poets' Corner, Westminster Abbey in unmarked graves but Francis' name is recorded on the Abraham Cowley stone. Close by lies in-law relative Geoffrey Chaucer (1343 - 1400) husband of ancestor Katherine Roet's sister.

The father of James and Thomas Chaloner was  Sir Thomas Chaloner the younger.  He was tutor to Henry, Prince of Wales, son of James 1st. Henry died, apparently from Typhus after swimming in the Thames, aged just 19 years, leaving the throne to his younger brother Charles 1st 26.  Ironic that Charles should have his head chopped off "by" sons of his brother Henry’s tutor.

There is a fine memorial to the second Sir Thomas Chaloner, with his second wife Judith Blount/Blunt, in Chiswick Parish Church14 and recently fully restored at a cost of more than  £18,000. Charles Robert Clay and his family descend  from Sir Thomas Chaloner, the younger and his first wife Elizabeth Fleetwood.

Reaching back to the 12th century, Burke’s Peerage, amongst other sources, states that the Chaloner family derived from Maelog Krwm of North Wales. The name of this line was changed to Chaloner according to the following, perhaps  apocryphal, story;  when returning from a crusade they and their armed retinue  took the Seigneur De Chalon hostage and held him and his estates to ransom . As a result, the family name was changed to Chaloner23,27. However, the name Chaloner  also derives from the word Chandler indicating that the family may have been associated with the cloth trade. It might be worth noting the report that the second Sir Thomas Chaloner29 was not the son of the first Sir Thomas Chaloner although he was the son of his wife Audrey or Ethelreda Frodsham26. It is stated that when Sir Thomas Chaloner the younger was conceived, Sir Thomas Chaloner the elder was Queen Elizabeth 1's ambassador in Spain26. Turton in his 1938 book 28 , states convincingly, that there are letters extant that show SIr Thomas the Elder and Audrey Frodsham to be in close proximity at the crucial time, thus indicating that Sir Thomas the Younger was indeed the son of the Elder.

There is also a connection between Edmund Sheffield (Sheffeild) Lord Mulgrave and the Chaloners of Guisborough (later Barons Gisborough - they resorted to an earlier spelling of the town). This was in the manufacture of Alum. Although disputed by Turton28, it is said that Sir Thomas Chaloner , the younger, Governor to the Prince of Wales, found the raw materials for the manufacture of alum in Guisborough which, it seems, helped create the chemical industry on the north east. Alum actually occurs  or did occur, naturally in the Middle East.  Apparently, Sir Thomas noted that the grass colour in the region of the Pope’s Alum industry was similar to the colour of grass on his Guisborough estates. He smuggled a skilled worker from Italy, in a barrel, aboard his vessel. The Pope’s men gave chase but to no avail. The Pope then resorted to placing a curse on the family. This curse was given in full in The Gentleman’s Magazine, page 490, September 1745. It makes truly horrendous reading and hardly an example of a Christian turning the other cheek!

Whilst most men think of alum as a small white stick that stems bleeding from a shaving cut to the face, it was, in fact, a tremendously important product that was used in the clothing industry to “fix" vegetable dyes to cloth so that colours would not wash out. Alum remained important until the introduction of chemical dyes during the 19th century when alum was no longer needed to fix the colours. It would appear that the Crown had the right to grant licences to produce Alum. However, Turton, in his scholarly work 28,  dismissed the return of Alum production to benefit Charles I as a reason for the Civil War.

Charles and Frederica had seven children, two boys both of whom remained bachelors and five girls, three of whom married.  They were:

.1)      Ellen Frederica Clay - [back to top]
She married Charles Hawkins who was tenant of Waddon near Weymouth. Her nephew Kenneth Holland spent time at Waddon and  hoped to take over the tenancy when Charlie Hawkins retired in 1928 and Waddon Manor was then leased by B.O. Corbett. As mentioned, the death of Kenneth’s father frustrated this ambition and the lease for Waddon became available in 1928. An edition of Country Life 47 contains an article, devoted to Waddon and its history , profusely illustrated,  was found amongst Kenneth’s papers when he died in 1998.

Another interesting family coincidence occurred over Waddon.  Rupert Willoughby 21, a keen student of genealogy, shares an ancestry, not only with the Clays and their Cobbe, Burslem, Godolphin lines, but also had Charles Hawkins of Waddon as a relative.

2)        Frederick Charles Clay

- [back to top]
Born 1879 and died 1963, a few days after the death of his younger brother Capt. Robert Richard Clay MC, on 18th September 1963, at the age of 85 years, from Carbon Monoxide poisoning. An inquest was held on 23rd September 1963 and a death certificate was issued. It seems that Frederick had pretty well depended on his brother throughout his life. His death certificate refers to him as a retired clerk. However, the 1901 census return 55 describes Frederick C. Clay, aged 23, as son and barman in the Hotel, Sutton Poyntz with Charles R. Clay identified as head of household, hotel proprietor & veterinary surgeon and employed on own account.  The writer’s wife is  is not at all  confident that  the young man, standing on the left and formally dressed,  in the Springhead photograph is Frederick, eldest son of Charles and Frederica Clay.

3)    Capt. Robert Richard Clay MC31

- [back to top]
Born 7th February 1881 in Dinton  and died on 13th September  1963. Whilst details of  his life and exploits are given in more detail elsewhere 31, some of his achievements are recorded here. He died in St. Mary’s Hospital, Portsmouth from a number of complaints which included compression of the spinal cord. His spinal problem may well have been related to an accident he suffered when demonstrating a leap across a trench on the Western front. After his accident he was returned to blighty and to do training for the Artists Rifles.

His military career was a long one. He served in South Africa during the Boer War in the Imperial Yeomanry. In 1908, when the Territorial Army was formed, he joined the Hampshire Yeomanry and as sergeant he entered the First World War. On receiving promotion to Lieutenant he transferred to the Wiltshire Regiment and was eventually promoted to Captain. He received his Military Cross for gallantry in Trones Wood, July 1916. With him in the 2nd Wilts was his first cousin Capt Vivian Hastings Clay who, whilst playing a courageous role during the Trones Wood engagement, did not receive a decoration apart from a note from the battalion commander4. Later in the year, whilst Richard was behind the front line as Transport Officer 48, Vivian was fatally wounded at about 5 am on the morning of his 24th birthday on 18th October 1916.  His father, Challoner Cobbe, died a few months later, he had been consumptive for most of his life, and the Fovant Medical Practice was taken on by the third generation Clay, his son and Vivian’s brother, Richard Chaloner Cobbe Clay and it remained so almost  until his death on 27th February 1971.

There are a number of photographs of uncle Dick, in later life accompanying King George VI with Queen Elizabeth, later the Queen Mother as well as a photograph of him with Winston Churchill  doing inspections of old soldiers

For most of his life, Richard was Portsmouth representative for the noted Dorchester Brewery, Eldridge Pope. He was known as uncle Dick to his great niece, Rev. Prof. Julia Davies.

4)        Madeline Clay- [back to top]
born 1st June 1883 at Dinton, Wilts.  At the age of 21 years, on 28th July 1904, Madeline Married Archibald Kerley Holland in the presence of Robert Richard Clay,  Robert Smith Wright and Nellie Holland. There were two children, a son and a daughter:

                        4.1)      Major Kenneth Archibald Holland TD31 - [back to top]
born 7th August 1905 and died, at the age of 93 years on 23rd November 1998 in Dorchester County Hospital. Like his mother’s brother, uncle Dick, Kenneth was also a born warrior who took great pride in the Territorial Army. He received his commission as 2nd Lieutenant in the 4th Battalion57, The Dorsetshire Regiment, on 11th March 1930. There are numerous photographs of Kenneth, before and during WW2 and in each one he is smartly presented and his eyes gleam. In 1940, a few weeks prior to Dunkirk, he was invalided home with jaundice and missed the horrors of the rear-guard actions and  the beach there. However, he did return to Europe after D-Day and remained there for the remainder of the war and was promoted to the rank of Major. On cessation of hostilities he remained in the TA alongside his career as District Valuer in Dorchester. Where he lived for most of his life with a period of happy marriage in West Stafford.

On 3rd December 1949, Kenneth married Elizabeth Margaret Atkinson at St. Martin’s Church, Broadmayne, Nr. Dorchester.   She died about a year after Kenneth at the Whitway House, Nursing Home, Winterbourne Steepleton, on 15th October 1999. They had been married for some 50 years and until his death Kenneth was a frequent visitor at the Nursing Home. Sadly, auntie Betty had suffered a severe stroke and spent some ten years unable to recognise Kenneth or any one  else from before her illness. However, whenever a nurse entered her room, her face lit up and her smile was radiant. There were no children from the union.

                         4.2)    Madeline Alice Holland - [back to top]
born 27th July 1917 at 2 South Terrace Dorchester. Apparently an unexpected but very happy event, some 12 years after the arrival of her elder brother Kenneth, in 1905.

Her father’s early death in the late 1920s curtailed her schooling in France and also meant that her brother Kenneth had to give up his work at Waddon Farm to take over his father’s insurance and related interests in order to support his mother and sister.

In 1941, Madeline Holland married, George Russell Wheeler BSc OBE MM., (1916 - 2002) a graduate of Exeter University. They had known each other since childhood. - [back to top] In 1942  in 1 Troop 2 Commando, George (as Corporal, Royal Sussex Regiment) participated in the raid on St. Nazaire 41, 42. The object was the destruction of the Normandie dry dock. The gates to the dock were rammed by an explosives filled HMS Campbeltown. In order to also destroy the pumping house for the dry dock, George carried explosive charges on his back.  George survived the raid but was left behind. With Lance Corporal Sims of the 13th Foot, George made his  way to Gibralter40,41, mainly on foot. On the way they received considerable help and succour from the French and spent a week in a small room with Airy Neave, then just escaped from Colditz.  Madeline received numerous letters of condolence 49    from family and friends,  on her assumed bereavement, but thankfully, George turned up later in the year.

A coincidence arises here; The Clays were descended from the second son, Rev James Burslem DD JP Born c1721, Died 178620,44, of James Burslem and Elizabeth Godolphin. A descendant of their first son William, was Capt. Rollo Gillespie Burslem. He was also with the 13th Foot - Prince Albert’s Somerset Light Infantry, as part of Sir Robert Sale’s Brigade in Afghanistan in 1840/42 43. He was in Jalalabad when the last survivor of the Kabul column arrived. Actually there were quite a number of survivors of the massacre. They had been earlier captured, including Sir Robert Sale’s wife and daughter.  Rollo became a Major and was, towards the end of his life, Governor of the Military Knights of Windsor, until his death  in c1896 and is buried with his wife Sophia  in Windsor Cemetery.  His married life is fascinating and involved subterfuge and assumed names.  Their son, also Rollo,  who married, died from an incurable disease and their daughters remained spinsters, as far as is known.

On his return to the UK George was transferred to the Glocesters as Lieutenant, apparently winning the sword of honour and with Sims was awarded the Military Medal for their exploits in evading capture 40,50. - [back to top]

George continued his military career and on 30th September 1944 his wife Madeline was delivered of their only child, a daughter, Julia:

                                                4.2.1)   Rev. Prof. Julia Davies (nee Wheeler) - [back to top]
After the war George pursued a career in the civil service before traveling to Malaya to eventually become Secretary to the Malayan Electricity Generating Board. Julia took an honours degree at Exeter University and on 27th May 1967 married this writer & webmaster,, Graham Davies, in Corfe Castle, Dorset where her parents lived following their return from Malaya in 1966.  They then moved to West Lulworth.  Madeline died in Poole Hospital in 1991 aged about 73 years and George died in Dorchester County Hospital on 17th April 2002 aged about 85 years.

There are two children from Julia’s marriage, both boys

5)        Millicent Courtney Clay born c1885 - [back to top]
Little is known of Millicent but what a delightful smile. She apparently lived in a Bournemouth flat and died a spinster in the 1960s.

6)        Gladys Godolphin Clay born c1886 - [back to top]
She married   Jack Northover and had one child, a daughter Betty, quite well known to the writer and his wife.

                                                6.1 Betty Gwendoline Northover - [back to top]

The only child of Gladys Godolphin Clay and her husband  Jack Northover. Betty married late in and died within a few years of cancer. She left her estate, in its entirety, apparently, to an animal charity.

7)         Catherine Louise Clay - [back to top]
born 21st September 1888, at Elmfield Cottage, Charlton Kings, Cheltenham. Little is known about Catherine Louise but it is believed that she died before 1920 possibly from influenza following a nursing career during WW1. She never married, as far as is known!.

Finally - for the time being
The above is a condensed and clearly incomplete summary of the lineage of Charles Robert Clay and his descendants. There is still much research to be done although, much of the history of the family is quite well documented. However, there are  Parish Registers and papers  in  local archives and the national archive at Kew yet to be uncovered, and studied. One thing that has emerged is the great care needed in the research to avoid the large amount of poorly researched and generally inaccurate  information on the web, and elsewhere.  A vexing question, amongst many, regards Richard Chaloner Cobbe (# 3), his wife Sarah (Burslem) and their second son Lt Charles Cobbe RN. He joined HMS Colossus at the age of 10 years in 1789 as Captain’s Servant. He disappeared from Steele’s  Navy Lists around May 1798 after a posting to HMS St. George the previous year. Where and when did they die, we wonder? Sarah’s 1800 novel 52, Julia St Helen tells us that her husband Richard  died before  June that year. An Indenture of Apprenticeship exists at the Maritime Museum in Greenwich, their son Marshall Godolphin Cobbe, Master Mariner RN. This is displayed on this website. Information on the Certificate led the writer to Christ's Hospital and to the Feast of the Sons of the Clergy. He and his wife attended the 2010 Annual Service at St. Paul's Cathedral. London. There is also their eldest son Richard Chaloner Cobbe (# 4), a Military Surgeon who died in 1829 and left a will 51, of sorts. He was  born around 1777 but where? Answers may yet be found. Any offers of help gratefully received.

SOURCES
The sources listed below are not exhaustive but do represent the documents, images and memorials  studied during the writer’s research. Most of the documents and books etc. listed, either as originals or copies are in the possession of the writer. As an alternative to using the web address given below, the  website listed can usually be found using Google:

1)         Private communication, Mrs. Maureen Attwooll in regard to “The Southern Times” 23rd April 1898, and local  Kelly’s Directories of the time.

2)        Death Certificate for Charles Robert Clay, Weymouth Registration District (sub district of Upway, as was)

3)        Internet Website - http://www.freebmd.org.uk/ co-founder Camilla von Massenbach. This website has come on in leaps and bounds and has proved most useful in this research. However, the data transcribed still has portions missing, so it would appear.

4)        Private communication, Robert M. Snow, grandson of Dr. Richard Chaloner Cobbe Clay of Fovant, and the loan of Clay, Cobbe and related family papers and images. Now returned but retained as images on CD/DVD

5)        Major Kenneth A. Holland TD, uncle of Rev. Prof. Julia Davies and grandson of Charles Robert Clay, licensee of the Springhead Hotel. The photograph was found in papers and images left at the time of his death. Date of the photograph is unknown but estimated to be around 1900.

6)        National Archives, Kew. “Army Lists” for the appropriate periods

7)         Max Arthur, “Symbol of Courage”, Pan Books, 2008

8)        Alec Cobbe et al,”Clerics & Connoisseurs”, Ed Alistair Laing, English Heritage, London 2001

9)        Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Private Communications.

10)       Fovant Village & Fovant Parish Church, Memorials to Capt Vivian Hastings Clay

11)        James Chaloner, “A discourse on the Isle of Man”, 1653,  Daniel King, London 1656,  - from a facsimile edition by The Printed Sources of Western Art, Theodore Besterman, Collegium Graphicum, Portland, Oregon, 1972

12)       Rev. Frank Noble, “The Lives of the English Regicides.”... , 2 volumes, John Stockdale, London 1798

13)       “Execution Warrant for Charles 1st”, House of Lords Archives, London. Thomas’s name is not visible due to rubbings out. However, it is stated that his signature can be seen with the aid of UV light.

14)       Mrs. Jane  Watson, Keeper of the Archives, St. Nicholas Parish Church, Chiswick, London W4. And on the Church Website -  http://www.chiswickparishchurch.org.uk/webpages/history.htm.

15)       John D’Alton, “Memoirs of the Archbishops of Dublin”, Hodges & Smith, Dublin, MDCCCXXXVIII, (1838?)  - relating to Lord Archbishop Charles Cobbe

16)       Nugent Bell, “The Huntingdon Peerage”, Baldwin Craddock & Joy, Paternoster Row, 1821

17)       Hans Francis Hastings, Earl of Huntingdon, Obituary, Gentlemen’s Magazine, March 1829

18)       Charles Dalton, “George the First’s Army”, Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1912

19)       Frances, 11th Countess of Huntingdon,

Obituary, Gentleman’s Magazine, April 1820, p378

20)      Parish and Cathedral Registers and papers relating to the Burslem, Cobbes, Clay and Ford families studied at local records offices or by microfilm via the Church of the Latter Day Saints, including; Market Bosworth;  Cadeby;  St. Anne, Soho Square; St. George, Hanover Square ;  Easton, Hants; Mears Ashby, Leics.; St. Andrew’s Parish Church, South Newton; Winchester Cathedral; East Woodhay, Hants; Little Marlow; Bradenham; South Mimms; and many others

21)       Rupert Willoughby, “Three Dorset Families”, Private Publication, together with a number of private communications.

22)      “The Royal Line of Succession”, The Pitkin Guide

23)      Burke’s and Debrett’s  Peerages, various editions

24)      Brig. Gen. Frank G. Marsh,” The Godolphins”, Private Publication, 1930. British Library

25)      Douglas & Ash, “The Godolphin School”, Longman Green & Co., 1928

26)      Oxford Dictionary of National Biography - related biographies -  used for ancestors and related families of Charles Robert Clay. Accessed on line, at home,  through membership of Manchester Central Library, St. Peter’s Square, Manchester via their Virtual Library facility. This and related facilities are available via  many central libraries.

27)      Frederick Ross, “Yorkshire Family Romance”, William Andrews & Co., London, 1891

28)      Turton R. B. “The Alum Farm”, Horne & Son, Lt., Whitby, 1938 - A comprehensive treatise on the Alum Industry in North East Yorkshire.

29)      Sir Wasey Sterry, “The Eton College Register, 1441 - 1698", Eton, Spottiswoode Ballantyne, 1943, in regard to Sir Thomas Chaloner the Younger and his son James Chaloner, Regicide.

30)      Nichols, “History and Antiquities of the County of Leicester”, Vol3, Pt2, Pg607, in regard to the descent of Elizabeth Hastings (= John Beaumont, Master of the Rolls) from Sir William Hastings Knight, son of 1st Baron Hastings. Identical to that given by Nugent Bell16.

31)       Graham Davies, web sites, www.17thwelsh.org.uk  and www.godolphins.org.uk,  or,  via www.grifd.com, for information on some of the  Cobbe and Clay descendants.  The original website www.17thwelsh.ukf.net  is extant in cyberspace but is  no longer being serviced and contains some  errors.  The godolphins website is still under construction. Members of the Cobbe & Clay family  et al can be accessed via the “Dedications” button or in one or two cases via the “Shortcut” option. Unfortunately, at the time of writing, the search facility appears to be out of order.

32)      British Medical Journal, 29 May 1971, pg 535. Obituary Richard Chaloner Cobbe Clay of Fovant - Wellcome Institute.

33)      Medical Directory, 1885, pg 476, Challoner Clay - Wellcome Institute.

34)      “Field Officers of Regiments in Ireland, 1732 - 1761", Gentleman’s & Citizen’s Almanac, Dublin -
Lt.  Col. Richard Chaloner Cobbe (#1) appears for the time in the 1738 listing - Belfast Linen Hall Library  - typewritten transcription.

35)      Association for the Preservation of the Memorials of the Dead, Ireland, 1901 - Richard Chaloner Cobbe  (#2), died 1767,  pg 371; Archbishop Charles Cobbe (died 1765), pg 37 - Belfast Linen Hall Library.

36)      “Charlotte Godolphin Clay, September 5th at Fovant Wilts... daughter of the late  Richard Chaloner Cobbe,  Rector of Bisham and Little  Marlow, Bucks, and aunt to the present Earl of Huntingdon”.  Obituary, Belfast Newsletter, Thursday Morning, September 30, 1858.  An identical  newspaper clipping was found amongst the papers of 4 above.

37)      Lloyds Bank Lt., Executor & Trustees Department, 18, High Street, Southampton - The Estate of the late Miss Catherine Alberta Parsons. Executors Statement, 20th September 1965 - in the possession of Major Kenneth Archibald Holland TD, maternal uncle of Rev. Prof. Julia Davies, beneficiary of his estate, at the time of his death, 23rd November 1998. This is a thoroughly comprehensive appraisal of the next of kin of Catherine Alberta Parsons, in the form of a family tree, resulting from intestacy due to one of the three  beneficiaries of the will, Mrs Edith May Harding, pre-deceasing Miss Catherine Alberta Parsons. There are also detailed accounts of legal and other costs, as well as the amounts distributed to beneficiaries. An extremely important and useful document for genealogists researching the Frederick Ford and Henry Parson families and their descendants.

38)      George Russell Wheeler OBE B. Sc.,  M. M., Personal Papers - his report on his experiences during his evasion of capture during 1942.

39)      Service Record, George Russell Wheeler, a copy is in the possession of the writer’s family

40)      George A. Brown, “Commando Gallantry Awards”, no publisher given, pg317. Also London Gazette, 1942.

41)       C.E. Lucas Phillips, “The Greatest Raid of All”, Heinemann, London, 1958, pg 271

42)      James Dorrian, “Storming St. Nazaire”, Leo Cooper, London 1998.

43)      Capt. Rollo Gillespie Burslem, “A Peep into Toorkisthan”, Pelham Richardson, First Edition, London, 1846.

44)      Rev. James Burslem DD JP, Obituary, Gentlemen’s Magazine. January 1787.
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45)      Rev Richard Chaloner Cobbe, Rector of Bradenham, “Thirty Sermons on Various Subjects, The Posthumous Works of Richard Chaloner Cobbe D.D.” (His father), Vicar of St. Ann’s, Treasurer of St. Patrick’s in the Kingdom of Ireland etc., In two volumes, Oxford, 1793

46)      Alumni Dublinenses, pg 1749, Linen Hall Library, Belfast, Richard Chaloner Cobbe, LL.D. (Honoris causa)AEst, 1757.  Sadly, as his memorial tablet in Finglas Parish Church, Dublin also testifies, he was LL.D. and not D.D. This is also supported in the Oxford Alumni, 1715 - 1886, pg 268.

47)      Country Life, 14th Nov 1931, pgs 536 - 542. “Waddon Manor, Dorset” Originally built 1650 - 1670

48)      War Diary, selected entries, Oct 1916, 2nd Battalion, Wiltshire Regiment,   National Archives, Kew

49)      Madeline Alice Wheeler (nee Holland), Personal Papers, letters of condolence received on the presumption of George’s death in 1942 following the St. Nazaire Raid. Sadly destroyed by Madeline in the presence of her daughter and the writer, before the writer’s interest in genealogy surfaced.

50)      London Gazette, Supplement, 29 Sept 1942, Pg 4208, The Military Medal,  No. 6899188, Corporal George Russell Wheeler, Royal Sussex Regiment, (attached to a Special Service Brigade), and also, No. 2033171, Lance Corporal Richard William Sims, The Somerset Light Infantry (Prince Albert’s) (Attached to a Special Service Brigade) - Rollo Gillespie Burslem’s regiment43.

51)       Richard Chaloner Cobbe (No. 4), Army Surgeon, His Last Will and Testament, (in unusual form), National Archives, Kew, on-line.

52)      Sarah Cobbe, Relict of the Rev. Richard Chaloner Cobbe, Rector of Bradenham, etc., etc., “ Julia St. Helen; or, the Heiress of Ellisborough, A Novel in Two Volumes, J. Nichols, London, 1800

53)      Gerry Webb, “Fairfax of York”, Maxiprint, York, 2001  - Admiral Fairfax with the Chaloner, Cobbe and Clay families descended from the Steeton branch of the Fairfax family. Pgs 36 & 38 - 44.

54)      The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Quotations, 2nd edition, Guild Publishing, London, 1981, pg 230.

55)      National Archives, Kew, on - line 1901 census return for Sutton Poyntz, downloaded as a pdf file from the 1901 Census web site using vouchers.

56)      Cobbe Collection, Newbridge House, Dublin (built by Archbishop Charles Cobbe), Portraits of  Lt. Col. Richard Chaloner Cobbe and his son Rev. Richard Chaloner Cobbe LL D. Amongst other Cobbe portraits.

57)      Major Kenneth Archibald Holland TD; Commission and photographs (from around 1915) left by him to his niece Rev. Prof. Julia Davies on his death in 1998.

58)      London Metropolitan Archive & Christ's Hospital LMA Microfilms 26/04/1793 & 12806/13 of Christ's Hospital Court Minutes and Related Papers commenting around 10th May 1793
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